Houghton created her drawings in a variety of methods, but always during a séance. She produced her first in 1861, years before more renowned abstract artists.
An eerie demonstration in 1848, conducted by Kate and Margaret Fox in a small New York farmhouse, is remembered as the first American séance.
Is it right to interpret what happens during sittings as signs of the paranormal? Or should we instead be led, exclusively, by cold hard reason?
Success is never guaranteed, but we’ve often observed that tables will tip for sitters who are willing to wait, concentrate and remain still.